What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder is a mental illness or disease that is extreme mood swings. The mood swings usually occur from low to high and from high to low. What is bipolar disorder mean about low and high? The lowest point is the period of depression. Beside the highest is the period of mania. The mood swings can even be mixed. The mixed means that you may feel depressed and excited and happy at the same time.
Three facts about bipolar :
• It is difficult to diagnose bipolar disorder, unless you have severe symptoms.
• What is bipolar disorder? People with bipolar disorder usually experience mood swings.
• Most people in the United States have bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder is a common diagnosis. More than 5 million people or 2.6 percent of the U.S. population live with some types of bipolar disorder. A 2005 study proved that. The bipolar disorder symptoms can occur in children. As well the symptoms tend to appear in late teens or early adult years.
Then, women often experience bipolar disorder more than men. However, the reason remains unclear. There are warning signs or symptoms you can find in bipolar disorder. However, in the fact, bipolar disorder can be difficult to diagnose.
I. Symptoms of bipolar disorder
People with bipolar disorder definition experiences episodes of high and depression. During the ‘high’ they may feel invincible, have thousands of thoughts and ideas, feel things are speeding up, and may behave recklessly.
Bipolar symptoms during the manic phase:
• High levels of activity, energy, and creativity.
• Delusions of self-important.
• Feeling euphoria or very ‘high’.
• Talking over people, racing speeches, racing thoughts.
• Lack of sleep or no sleep
• Weight loss due to poor appetite
• Dress more colorful and less inhibited
• Inappropriate sexual activity
• Aggressive, impatient or highly irritable.
• Easily distracted, poor concentration.
• Unrealistic and big plans
• Making bad choices in business or shopping.
• Taking risk.
• Hallucinations and delusions
Bipolar symptoms during the depression phase:
• Thoughts of suicide
• concentrating problems
• Feeling guilt
• Low level of confidence
• Physical slowing down
• Feeling tired and losing energy
• Excessive sleep
• Withdrawal from close friends and family.
• Losing interest in something which is fun.
• Feeling sad or despair
II. Bipolar Disorder Types
There are four basic types of bipolar disorder. All of which involve a clear change in activity, energy, and mood levels. Manic episodes are moods that are energetic and joyful. The less severe manic period is known as the hypomanic episodes. Beside depressive episodes are very sad or hopeless periods.
1. Bipolar I Disorder. This is a severe manic symptom. This type of bipolar disorder requires immediate hospital care. This manic episode lasts at least 7 days. Usually, a depressive episode lasts at least 2 weeks. The episodes of depression with mixed features may also occur which are symptoms of depression and maniac at the same time.
2. Bipolar II Disorder. This type is the pattern of depression and hypomanic episodes. However, this type is not full-blown manic episodes.
3. Cyclothymic Disorder (also called cyclothymia). This type has symptoms that do not meet the diagnostic requirements for hypomanic episodes and depression episodes. However, this type is defined by various periods of hypomanic symptoms as well as many periods of depressive symptoms that last at least 2 years.
4. Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar. This type is a symptom of bipolar disorder that does not match to the above three categories.
III. Bipolar Disorder Causes
Bipolar disorder is more likely due to various factors that interact. The disorder has no single cause.
• Biological Factors
Patients with bipolar disorder often show physical changes in their brains.
1. Environmental factors. There are significant losses, mental stress, abuse, or other traumatic events can cause or trigger bipolar disorder. Some people with a genetic predisposition for bipolar disorder may not have any obvious symptoms. However, environmental factors can trigger severe mood swings.
2. Hormonal problems. Hormonal imbalance can trigger bipolar disorder.
3. Brain-chemical imbalances. Neurotransmitter imbalances can also trigger bipolar disorder and other mood disorders.
• Genetic factors
There may be a genetic component to bipolar disorder. Some studies have guessed it. People who have family members with the condition may also have the bipolar disorder.
Do not wait to get help if you notice symptoms of what is bipolar disorder in yourself or others. Ignoring the problem will not make it disappear instead it will get worse. Problems in everything from your career to your relationship and your health will begin to emerge.
It will happen if you live with untreated bipolar disorder. However, actually bipolar disorder is treatable. Therefore, prevent the complications by diagnosing problems and starting treatment as early as possible.
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Treatment for bipolar disorder may involve talk therapy and treatment. The talk therapy can help to overcome low or high moods. Patients can also start and stop treatment over time.